An Image Transform Based on Temporal Decomposition


Today, very dense synthetic aperture radar (SAR) time series are available through the framework of the European Copernicus Programme. These time series require innovative processing and preprocessing approaches including novel speckle suppression algorithms. Here we propose an image transform for hypertemporal SAR image time stacks. This proposed image transform relies on the temporal patterns only, and therefore fully preserves the spatial resolution. Specifically, we explore the potential of empirical mode decomposition (EMD), a data-driven approach to decompose the temporal signal into components of different frequencies. Based on the assumption that the high-frequency components are corresponding to speckle, these effects can be isolated and removed. We assessed the speckle filtering performance of the transform using hypertemporal Sentinel-1 data acquired over central Germany comprising 53 scenes. We investigated speckle suppression, ratio images, and edge preservation. For the latter, a novel approach was developed. Our findings suggest that EMD features speckle suppression capabilities similar to that of the Quegan filter while preserving the original image resolution. © 2012 IEEE.

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters